City of Belgrade / Serbia
Valley of the Kings
In the valley of the river Ibar, between the cities of Kraljevo and Novi Pazar, lies a group of medieval monasteries built in the 12th and 13th Centuries. In what was then the fledgling Serbian state of Raška, rulers of the Nemanjić dynasty erected several monumental churches as their endowments, thus setting off a tradition of pious endowments that has continued into the present day. Built in an authentic style - a fusion of Byzantine architecture and Romanesque decoration - and adorned with some of the most beautiful medieval frescoes, the monasteries in the “Valley of the Kings” are an invaluable contribution to the world’s cultural heritage.
The National Museum
The National Museum in Belgrade houses some of the most valuable archaeological, artistic and numismatic artifacts that represent rich multicultural heritage of Serbia, but also of other parts of Europe and the world. The National Museum’s permanent exhibition is chronologically comprehensive, aesthetically appealing and easily understandable to the visitors and gives the opportunity to get face to face with artifacts of great historical, cultural, scientific and symbolic value.
At the very heart of the Serbian capital city, where the river Sava meets the Danube, towers a monumental fortress from which modern Belgrade originally emerged. The first fortification on this strategically important spot was erected by Celts. The turbulent history of this fortress has left its mark on its architecture: Roman walls underlie Serbian ramparts, on top of which the Ottomans and Austrians built their fortifications.
Stari Ras fortress
On Gradina hill near the city of Novi Pazar stands Stari Ras, a 12th century fortress. Built to defend the capital city of the same name, it bore witness to the emergence, development and consolidation of the first Serbian state.The monastic compound includes three archaeological sites; the fortress on Gradina, the cave with Holy Archangel’s Monastery and the settlement of Pazarište (also known as Trgovište).
Lepenski Vir an archaeological site with remains of a culture dated to between 6500 and 5500 BCE, is situated on the right bank of the Danube, in the area of the Iron Gate gorge. Dubbed “the cradle of civilisation”, Lepenski Vir boasts some of the oldest known artefacts, tools, weapons and sculptures, as well as traces of one of the oldest settlements in Europe. Prehistoric humans took advantage of the favourable microclimate and the vicinity of the Danube, a source of plentiful food and water for the local population, to create one of the world’s earliest civilisations.
Mlava and the Krupaj Spring
The Homolje mountain region is known for being a natural oasis, while the foot of Beljanica mountain in Eastern Serbia is filled with mighty river springs. Two of them stand out above the rest; the Mlava Spring and the Krupaj Spring. Both are distinguished by the sheer power of water as it emerges from the ground and the little lakes which form around their springs.